Simple steps one should take for Japanese tea ceremony may wary depending on the number of guests and the style of the tea room. According to the book chanoyu, here are the steps of tea ceremony:
(1) Bring in separately (a) Water-jar; (b) Tea-bowl, Tea-spoon and Tea-caddy; (c) Slop-bowl and hot-water ladle.
(2) Wipe (a) Tea-spoon; (b) Ladle.
(3) Take napkin from girdle and put it in the slop-bowl. Remove the lid from the Kettle and place it on the Lid-rest.
(4) Take one ladleful of water from Kettle and put it into the Tea-bowl.
(5) Wash Tea-whisk and replace Ladle on top of Kettle.
(6) Empty Tea-bowl.
(7) Wipe Tea-bowl with Swab.
(8) Put Swab on lid of Kettle.
(9) Take up Tea-spoon and Tea-caddy.
(10) Put lid of Tea-caddy in front of Water-jar.
(11) Take up two spoonfuls of Tea and put into Tea-bowl.
(12) Put lid on Tea-caddy and place in front of water-jar with spoon on top.
(13) Remove lid from Water-jar and place beside it.
(14) Put a ladleful of hot water into Tea-bowl, replacing ladle on Kettle.
(15) Whisk Tea and replace Tea-whisk to right of Tea-caddy.
(16) Take Tea-bowl in left hand and present with right hand. Bow.
(17) Replace napkin in girdle.
(18) Take another ladleful of hot water and put in returned Tea-bowl.
(19) Replace ladle on Kettle.
(20) Empty hot water into Slop-bowl.
(21) Take up swab and wipe Tea-bowl.
(22) Replace Tea-bowl and put swab on top of Kettle-lid. (Repeat from (11) if required. )
(23) Take a ladleful of cold water from Water-jar.
(24) Put cold water into Tea-bowl and wash Tea-whisk.
(25) Empty cold water into Slop-bowl.
(26) Put swab into Tea-bowl with whisk on it and replace in position.
(27) Take napkin and wipe Tea-spoon and put this also on top of Tea-bowl.
(28) Put Tea-caddy by side of Tea-bowl.
(29) Refold napkin and replace in girdle.
(30) Take up ladle and put cold water into Kettle.
(31) Change ladle to left hand. Take Kettle-lid in right and replace it.
(32) Put ladle on rest.
(33) Replace lid on Water-jar.
(34) Take ladle and lid-rest in right hand and Slop-bowl in left and withdraw
(35) Return and take Tea-caddy in right hand and Tea-bowl in left and withdraw.
(36) Return and take Water-jar in both hands and withdraw.
(37) Come back to door of Tea-room and bow to guests from threshold.”
Sadler also states that the entire tea ceremony should be silent being interrupted by only 3 natural sounds that are
- The clink of the lid on the Kettle.
- The tap of the Tea-bowl on the mat.
- The clink of the Tea-spoon on the Tea-bowl.
From Sadler,A. L.. Cha-No-Yu: The Japanese Tea Ceremony
To do tea ceremony in Osaka